What is Weather Forecasting in Precision Agriculture?

Weather information is playing an increasingly instrumental role in the evolving field of precision agriculture, a farming practice that emphasizes accuracy and control when it comes to the growing of crops. An essential aspect of this approach is the use of information technology, which includes weather prediction and other items, such as satellite and aerial imagery, GPS guidance, sensors, drones, variable rate fertilizer application, and crop health indicators.

Importance of Weather Forecast for agriculture

Crop Growth and Irrigation: Crop growth, or crop yield, requires appropriate amounts of moisture, light, and temperature. Detailed and accurate historical, real-time and forecast weather information can help farmers better understand and track the growth status or stage to make informed decisions. Having access to this data can guide farmers in making significant and potentially costly decisions, such as whether, when and how much to irrigate.

Fertilizer Timing and Delivery: One of the many decisions that farmers have to make is determining the proper time to apply fertilizer, as well as the application rate and fertilizer form to use. A misapplied application caused by weather can wipe away the entire field’s profits. Weather forecasts can be used to ensure that fertilizer is applied in the right conditions.

Pest and Disease Control: Certain weather conditions encourage the development and growth of pests and diseases, which can destroy crops. Forecast guidance incorporated into pest and disease modeling can help determine whether and when it’s appropriate to apply pest or disease controls. Wind forecasts also play a role in this decision as spraying of fungicidal or insecticidal chemicals on plants must be utilized when wind conditions are not apt to cause sprayed chemicals to miss their targets.

Field Workability: Field workability refers to the availability of days that are suitable for fieldwork. It’s primarily dependent upon soil moisture and soil temperature. Accurate field-level weather information can help farmers assess the workability of their fields and become more efficient in their day-to-day operations.

Neos Core Ltd provides an E-service for Weather Forecast for the following purpose:

  • Meteorological forecasts for agricultural production can be provided for making strategic, tactical, and operational decisions.
  • Strategic agricultural climatological forecasts provide the data and information for planning agricultural practices that change on a time scale of months to years.
  • Meteorological forecasts enable producers to know when to irrigate or to take precautionary measures in case of bad weather forecast.
  • Provision of data as per the following:
    • Precipitation estimates (mm)
    • Cloud Type
    • Cloud Top Height
    • Cloud Top Pressure
    • Infrared Atmospheric Motion Vectors
    • Total precipitable Water in cm
    • Sea Surface Temperature
    • Aerosol Distribution
    • Land Surface Emissivity
    • Outgoing Longwave radiation
    • Upward Longwave radiation
    • Downward Longwave radiation.

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Weather Forecast Data